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Baldness or hair loss simply means either receding or complete loss of hair from the head or the body. Baldness may also refer to, in general terms, to the pattern baldness in males. As a general rule, men are more prone to hair loss than women owing to the baldness pattern in males. This does not mean that women are completely immune from this ailment. Women commonly experience loss as well as thinning of hair which is a cause of alarm as well as concern. The reason for losing hair may be as simple as a deficiency of an essential vitamin. However, in some cases, it may also be a symptom of an underlying serious health issue.
Symptoms of hair loss
The symptoms of hair loss are obvious. They include hair loss in bits and patches. Usually hair loss involves a circular pattern. In some other cases, the hair loss is also visible in unusual areas like the back of the head, eyebrows and the area above the head. These are the areas which are usually unaffected by male pattern baldness. The male baldness usually starts from the crown or the temples. Initially, the hair simply thins out. In later stages, the hair falls. Female pattern of hair loss is visible at the front. Normally, people have around one hundred and fifty thousand hair on their heads out which a few a lost daily. The average number of strands lost in a single day is hundred. If the volume of the hair has to be maintained on the head, it is imperative that the fallen strands are replaced immediately. The first sign of hair loss can be identified by noticing the hair brush. If the number of hair left on the brush is more than the usual number, it could be regarded as a sign of hair loss Treating hair loss problem is possible in both males and females. However, any treatment will eventually depend on the reason why the loss occurred in the first place. Below, there are 25 reasons of hair loss that might be affecting you or a loved one:
1. Anxiety or Trauma
Physical stress or trauma of any kind including accidents, illness or a surgery can be a cause of temporary hair loss. Even mild flu can trigger hair loss in a perfectly healthy person. The life cycle of the hair involves three phases: growth, rest and Shedding. The hair cycle is shocked due to a stressful event ushering them towards the shedding phase. In the case the hair loss is caused due to a trauma, it can be noticed within six months of the event.
Hair loss can also be caused during pregnancy. Hair loss due to pregnancy is usually noticeable after the delivery of the baby and not during the period.
3. Excess of Vitamin A
Excessive use of medicines and supplements containing Vitamin A can initiate hair loss in a person. The normal amount of vitamin A in a body is 5,000 IU every day. The supplements can increase them to 10,000 IU per day resulting in hair loss.
4. Protein Deficiency
If you are not getting enough protein through your daily diet, the body may automatically stop the growth of hair in order to ration the protein. The symptoms are manifest usually three to four months after the deficiency starts.
5. Pattern baldness in males
Male pattern baldness affects most men by the time they have reached 60. This is a classic example of hair loss caused due to a combination of genetics and hormones.
6. Hereditary hair loss
It is basically the female version of the male pattern hair loss. It is a hereditary disorder and usually affects those women who come from a family where females start losing hair at a certain age. Unlike men, the baldness in women is not manifest in receding hair line but thinning of the hair and widening of the part.
7. Imbalance of female hormones
Taking birth-control medication, switching it or going off it may also start hair loss in women. Women with a family history of hair loss are more prone to this ailment.
8. Emotional anxiety or stress
Anxiety and emotional stress can cause loss of hair. However, it should also be noted that in most cases emotional stress cannot initiate hair loss. Rather, it will intensify an already existing hair loss problem.
9. Iron Deficiency
Around ten percent of all women aged between 20 to 50 suffer from a deficiency of iron. This deficieny is commonly known as amenia. It is also a cause of hair loss. The deficiency can be determined with the help of a blood test.
There is a little gland situated at the back of our necks. It is called the thyroid gland. This gland is extremely important for the development and growth as well as metabolism. When the hormones secreted by this gland are not enough, it may also result in hair loss.
11. Deficiency of Vitamin B
A deficiency of Vitamin B in the body can also cause hair loss.
12. Immune System of the body
When, for any reason, the immune system of the body becomes overactive, it becomes confused and begins to see the hair on the body as foreign objects. By mistake, the hair is targeted and removed.”
Lupus is a form of autoimmune diseases which can also hair loss due to mistaken identity. The immune cells of the body attack the hair and remove them.
14. Excessive Weight Loss
Excessive weight loss in a short period of time can be termed, at least by the body, as a trauma which can thin down the hair. Even if the weight loss is beneficial for a person, the process may be causing stress to the body.
There are certain medicines for cancer that can cause your hair to fall.
16. Imbalance of Sexual hormones
Imbalance of sexual hormones in males and females can cause hair loss. The hormone imbalance can also cause several other diseases like diabetes and excessive weight gain.
17. Thinning of blood
There are several medicines that cause hair loss in people. These include blood thinners and beta blockers. Medicines for skin conditions, bi-polar disorder and antidepressants are also included in this category.
18. Hair treatments and Styling
Hair treatment and styling over an extended period of time may also cause thinning or falling of hair. Chemical based straighteners as well as treatments with hot oil may also cause hair loss.
In both men and women, hair tends to thin down with the progression of age. This usually happens as people enter the age bracket of 50 – 60.
20. Scalp Disorder
Scalp disorder causes thinning and/or receding hair or hair loss from the roots of the hair. These reasons for this disorder are sickness in childhood, emotional disorder or poor eating habits.
21. Mal Nutrition
Not eating proper healthy diet for a long period of time results in hair loss.
22. Hereditary hair loss
This occurs in people who have a family history of baldness. The disorder affects at a certain age and cannot be cured.
23. Excessive styling
Some people care too much about their hair and constantly comb them in order to keep them in order. This can also cause hair loss since constantly pulling the hair is not good for their health.
24. Mild hair
There are some people whose hair is originally mild. This does not mean hair loss. However, people commonly believe that it is also a form of hair loss.
25. Using Steroids
Using anabolic steroids may also cause thinning of hair or complete loss of hair. Out of the 25 reasons of hair loss stated above, most can be treated simply by changing your eating habits and applying oil to them on a regular basis. For other reasons, there is simply no cure. There are treatments available for hair loss but they should be undertaken only after consultation with a health care professional.